Isidore of Seville The Spanish cleric and encyclopedist St. Isidore of Seville is known for the legacy of ancient culture that he transmitted to the Middle Ages in his chief work, the Etymologies.
Life[ edit ] Childhood and education[ edit ] Isidore was probably born in Cartagena, Spaina former Carthaginian colony, to Severianus and Theodora. Both Severianus and Theodora belonged to notable Hispano-Roman families of high social rank.
The Catholic Church celebrates him and all his siblings as known saints: His sister, Saint Florentinaserved God as a nun and allegedly ruled over forty convents and one thousand consecrated religious.
This claim seems unlikely, however, given the few functioning monastic institutions in Iberia during her lifetime. In this institution, the first of its kind in Iberiaa body of learned men including Archbishop Saint Leander of Seville taught the trivium and quadriviumthe classic liberal arts.
Saint Isidore applied himself to study diligently enough that he quickly mastered Latin,  and acquired some Greekand Hebrew. Two centuries of Gothic control of Iberia incrementally suppressed the ancient institutions, classic learning, and manners of the Roman Empire.
The associated culture entered a period of long-term decline. The ruling Visigoths nevertheless showed some respect for the outward trappings of Roman culture. Arianism meanwhile took deep root among the Visigoths as the form of Christianity that they received.
Scholars may debate whether Isidore ever personally embraced monastic life or affiliated with any religious order, but he undoubtedly esteemed the monks highly. Bishop of Seville[ edit ] Seville Cathedral.
On his elevation to the episcopatehe immediately constituted himself as protector of monks. Saint Isidore recognized that the spiritual and material welfare of the people of his See depended on assimilation of remnant Roman and ruling barbarian cultures, and consequently attempted to weld the peoples and subcultures of the Visigothic kingdom into a united nation.
He used all available religious resources toward this end and succeeded. Isidore practically eradicated the heresy of Arianism and completely stifled the new heresy of Acephali at its very outset.
Archbishop Isidore strengthened religious discipline throughout his See. Archbishop Isidore also used resources of education to counteract increasingly influential Gothic barbarism throughout his episcopal jurisdiction.
His quickening spirit animated the educational movement centered on Seville. Saint Isidore introduced Aristotle to his countrymen long before the Arabs studied Greek philosophy extensively. InSaint Isidore of Seville pronounced anathema against any ecclesiastic who in any way should molest the monasteries.
Second Synod of Seville November [ edit ] Main article: Second Synod of Seville Saint Isidore presided over the Second Council of Seville, begun on 13 Novemberin the reign of King Sisebuta provincial council attended by eight other bishops, all from the ecclesiastical province of Baetica in southern Spain.
The Acts of the Council fully set forth the nature of Christ, countering the conceptions of Gregory, a Syrian representing the heretical Acephali. Third Synod of Seville [ edit ] Main article: Third Synod of Seville Based on a few surviving canons found in the Pseudo-Isidorian DecretalsSaint Isidore is known to have presided over an additional provincial council around It also addressed a concern over Jews who had been forced to convert to Christianity by Sisebut failing to present their children for baptism.
The records of the council, unlike the First and Second Councils of Seville were not preserved in the Hispanaa collection of canons and decretals likely edited by Saint Isidore himself. The aged Archbishop Saint Isidore presided over its deliberations and originated most enactments of the council.
The decree prescribed the study of Greek, Hebrew, and the liberal arts and encouraged interest in law and medicine.
The council granted remarkable position and deference to the king of the Visigoths. The independent Church bound itself in allegiance to the acknowledged king; it said nothing of allegiance to the Bishop of Rome.
Death[ edit ] Saint Isidore of Seville died on 4 April after serving more than 32 years as archbishop of Seville.Isidore received his elementary education in the Cathedral school of Seville. In this institution, which was the first of its kind in Spain, the trivium and quadrivium were taught by a body of learned men, among whom was the archbishop, Leander.
An elder brother, Saint Leander of Seville, immediately preceded Saint Isidore as Archbishop of Seville and, while in office, opposed king Liuvigild. A younger brother, Saint Fulgentius of Cartagena, served as the Bishop of Astigi at the start of the new reign of the Catholic King timberdesignmag.comted in: Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church.
Isidore succeeded his brother St. Leander as archbishop of Sevilla (Seville) about , during a time when the Spanish church witnessed numerous councils, one of the greatest being the fourth Council of Toledo ().
Isidore succeeded his brother St.
Leander as archbishop of Sevilla (Seville) about , during a time when the Spanish church witnessed numerous councils, one . Isidore of Seville (c–) Archbishop of Seville from c and a distinguished administrator, teacher, and writer.
His works include Etymologies, which was an encyclopedia, and books on history, natural science, linguistic studies, and theology. In St. Isidore of Sevilla Leander as archbishop of Sevilla (Seville) about , during a time when the Spanish church witnessed numerous councils, one of the greatest being the fourth Council of Toledo ().