While a liberal political philosophy within a framework of capitalistic free trade and constitutional self-government dominated the greatest Western powers, mounting criticism developed against centralized government itself. Radical utopianism and anarchism, previously expounded mainly by religious sects, became secularized in works such… Foundations of anarchist thought The first person to willingly call himself an anarchist was the French political writer and pioneer socialist Pierre-Joseph Proudhon. Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, detail of an oil painting by Gustave Courbet, c. Anarchy—the absence of a sovereign—such is the form of government to which we are every day approximating.
Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers.
In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics. End this element with a period. Depending upon the type of source, it should be listed in italics or quotation marks.
A book should be in italics: A website should be in italics: A song or piece of music on an album should be in quotation marks: Title of container Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to "containers," which are the larger wholes in which the source is located.
For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container.
The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container.
The container may also be a television series, which is made up of episodes. The container may also be a website, which contains articles, postings, and other works. Interview by Gareth Von Kallenbach. In some cases, a container might be within a larger container.
You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books, or watched a television series on Netflix. It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used.
Accessed 27 May Other contributors In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc. If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation.
In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc. A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc.
Version If a source is listed as an edition or version of a work, include it in your citation. Crowley, Sharon, and Debra Hawhee. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. Number If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation.
Current Conditions and Future Directions. The International Online-Only Journal, vol. Accessed 20 May Publisher The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public.
Museum of Modern Art, New York. Problems of the Digestive System. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Daniels, Greg and Michael Schur, creators.
Publication date The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source. For example, a television series might have aired on a broadcast network on one date, but released on Netflix on a different date.
When the source has more than one date, it is sufficient to use the date that is most relevant to your use of it. This is the way to create a general citation for a television episode. However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date.
An essay in a book, or an article in journal should include page numbers.Read an Excerpt. From Jonathan Levin's Introduction to Walden and Civil Disobedience.
In the summer of , Henry David Thoreau moved into a small cabin he'd built near the shore of Walden Pond, about a mile and a half south of his native village of Concord, Massachusetts. Thoreau believed civil disobedience is the best way of fighting unjust policies because the government can only punish a person’s body but not his spirit.
Although some people might see Thoreau as an anti-government person, he is not. In the essay "Henry David Thoreau, Philosopher" Roderick Nash wrote, "Thoreau left Concord in for the first of three trips to northern Maine. His expectations were high because he hoped to find genuine, primeval America.
This essay can also be found in the book My Thoughts are Murder to the State: Thoreau’s essays on political philosophy. Henry David Thoreau Philosophy - Famous Philosopher - Henry David Thoreau () (Introduction to Walden and Civil Disobedience by Henry David Thoreau, Penguin Classics ) I cannot for an instant recognize that political organization as my government which is the slave's government also.
(Henry David Thoreau. Anarchism: Anarchism, cluster of doctrines and attitudes centered on the belief that government is both harmful and unnecessary.