Shakespeare's sources were the Tudor chroniclers, hostile to Richard. Perhaps Shakespeare also wanted to reflect the medieval idea that an evil mind must dwell in a twisted body.
Shakespeare, Act 5, Scene 9, painting by Nicolai Abildgaard.
Now is the winter of our discontent Made glorious summer by this sun of York; And all the clouds that lour'd upon our house In the deep bosom of the ocean buried. Richard is an ugly hunchback who is "rudely stamp'd", "deformed, unfinish'd", and cannot "strut before a wanton ambling nymph.
He confides to the audience: I'll marry Warwick 's youngest daughter. What, though I kill'd her husband and her father? The scene then changes to reveal Lady Anne accompanying the corpse of the late king Henry VIalong with Trestle and Berkeley, on its way from St Paul's cathedral to interment.
She asks them to set down the "honourable load — if honour may be shrouded in a hearse ", and then laments the fate of the house of Lancaster. Richard suddenly appears and demands that the "unmanner'd dog" carrying the hearse set it down, at which point a brief verbal wrangling takes place.
Despite initially hating him, Anne is won over by his pleas of love and repentance, agreeing to marry him. When she leaves, Richard exults in having won her over despite all he has done to her, and tells the audience that he will discard her once she has served her purpose.
The atmosphere at court is poisonous: The established nobles are at odds with the upwardly mobile relatives of Queen Elizabetha hostility fueled by Richard's machinations. Queen MargaretHenry VI's widow, returns in defiance of her banishment and warns the squabbling nobles about Richard.
Queen Margaret curses Richard and the rest who were present. The nobles, all Yorkistsreflexively unite against this last Lancastrianand the warning falls on deaf ears. Richard orders two murderers to kill Clarence in the tower. Clarence, meanwhile, relates a dream to his keeper.
The dream includes vivid language describing Clarence falling from an imaginary ship as a result of Gloucester, who had fallen from the hatches, striking him. Under the water Clarence sees the skeletons of thousands of men "that fishes gnawed upon". He also sees "wedges of gold, great anchors, heaps of pearl, inestimable stones, unvalued jewels".
All of these are "scattered in the bottom of the sea". Clarence adds that some of the jewels were in the skulls of the dead.
He then imagines dying and being tormented by the ghosts of Warwick Anne's fatherand Edward of Westminster Anne's deceased husband. After Clarence falls asleep, Brakenbury, Lieutenant of the Tower of London, enters and observes that between the titles of princes and the low names of commoners, there is nothing different but the "outward fame", meaning that they both have "inward toil" whether rich or poor.
When the murderers arrive, he reads their warrant issued in the name of the Kingand exits with the Keeper, who disobeys Clarence's request to stand by him, and leaves the two murderers the keys.
Clarence wakes and pleads with the murderers, saying that men have no right to obey other men's requests for murder, because all men are under the rule of God not to commit murder. The murderers imply Clarence is a hypocrite because, as one says, "thou One murderer insists Gloucester himself sent them to perform the bloody act, but Clarence does not believe him.
He recalls the unity of Richard Duke of York blessing his three sons with his victorious arm, bidding his brother Gloucester to "think on this and he will weep".
Next, one of the murderers explains that his brother Gloucester hates him, and sent them to the Tower to kill him. Eventually, one murderer gives in to his conscience and does not participate, but the other killer stabs Clarence and drowns him in "the Malmsey butt within".
The first act closes with the perpetrator needing to find a hole to bury Clarence.
Richard uses the news of Clarence's unexpected death to send Edward IV, already ill, to his deathbed, all the while insinuating that the Queen is behind the execution of Clarence. Edward IV soon dies, leaving as Protector his brother Richard, who sets about removing the final obstacles to his accession.
He has Lord Rivers murdered to further isolate the Queen and to put down any attempts to have the Prince crowned right away. These Richard arrests, and eventually beheads, and then has a conversation with the Prince and his younger brother, the Duke of York.
The two princes outsmart Richard and match his wordplay and use of language easily. Richard is nervous about them, and the potential threat they represent.
The young prince and his brother are coaxed by Richard into an extended stay at the Tower of London. The prince and his brother the Duke of York prove themselves to be extremely intelligent and charismatic characters, boldly defying and outsmarting Richard and openly mocking him.
Assisted by his cousin BuckinghamRichard mounts a campaign to present himself as the true heir to the throne, pretending to be a modest, devout man with no pretensions to greatness.Richard Branson is an English businessman and investor.
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Richard looking for richard a new perspective into richard iii Garriott de Cayeux (born Richard Allen Garriott; July 4, ) is an English-American video game developer and timberdesignmag.com is also known as his alter egos Lord British in Ultima and General British in . Richard III is a historical play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written around It depicts the Machiavellian rise to power and subsequent short reign of King Richard III of England. The play is grouped among the histories in the First Folio and is most often classified as such. Occasionally, however, as in the quarto edition, it is termed a tragedy. The Guides "London Walks puts you into the hands of an expert on the particular area and topic of a tour." The New York Times.
William Shakespeare’s Richard III is no doubt a fascinating character and an entertaining villain. It is Shakespeare’s command of the English language, and his keen sense of drama and psychological depth, that make his plays so affecting and deeply memorable.
Shakespeare was a brilliant. Background. First published in , In Watermelon Sugar was Richard Brautigan's third published novel and, according to Newton Smith, "a parable for survival in the 20th c[entury].
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Richard tells men who they really are. He gives them what they need to finally 'get it.' -from the foreword by Jerry Leachman Men just get this book! It seems to resonate with them.
Men who don't read many books read this one and want to get it into . Modern copy of Society of Antiquaries portraitMany people's image of Richard III is influenced by Shakespeare's portrait of the 'poisonous bunch-backed toad', a limping hunch-back with a withered timberdesignmag.compeare's sources were the Tudor chroniclers, hostile to Richard.
Perhaps Shakespeare also wanted to reflect the medieval idea that an evil mind must dwell in a twisted body.