On the uses of a liberal education: September 1, Harper's Magazine Mark Edmundson A college student getting a liberal arts education ponders filling out a questionnaire that includes an opportunity for him to evaluate his instructor. At times it appears that the purpose of his education is just to entertain him. Today is evaluation day in my Freud class, and everything has changed.
Toggle display of website navigation Observation Deck: June 9, The story is a small one. Twelve of these ended in war. Despite moments when a violent clash seemed certain, a surge of strategic imagination helped both sides develop ways to compete without a catastrophic conflict.
In the end, the Soviet Union imploded and the Cold War ended with a whimper rather than a bang. War between nuclear superpowers is MADness.
The United States and the Soviet Union built nuclear arsenals so substantial that neither could be sure of disarming the other in a first strike.
Technology, in effect, made the United States and Soviet Union conjoined twins — neither able to kill the other. Today, China has developed its own robust nuclear arsenal. From confrontations in the South and East China Sea, to the gathering storm over the Korean Peninsula, leaders must recognize that war would be suicidal.
Leaders must be prepared to risk a war they cannot win. Although neither nation can win a nuclear war, both, paradoxically, must demonstrate a willingness to risk losing one to compete.
Consider each clause of this nuclear paradox. On the one hand, if war occurs, both nations lose and millions die — an option no rational leader could choose.
But, on the other hand, if a nation is unwilling to risk war, its opponent can win any objective by forcing the more responsible power to yield. To preserve vital interests, therefore, leaders must be willing to select paths that risk destruction.
Washington must think the unthinkable to credibly deter potential adversaries such as China. Such tacit guidelines for the United States and China today might involve limits on cyberattacks or surveillance operations. By reaching agreements on contentious issues, the United States and China can create space to cooperate on challenges — such as global terrorism and climate change — in which the national interests the two powers share are much greater than those that divide them.
Overall, leaders should understand that survival depends on caution, communication, constraints, compromise, and cooperation. Domestic performance is decisive.
What nations do inside their borders matters at least as much as what they do abroad. Had the Soviet economy overtaken that of the United States by the s, as some economists predicted, Moscow could have consolidated a position of hegemony.
Instead, free markets and free societies won out. The vital question for the U. Meanwhile, in the United States, sluggish growth is the new normal. And American democracy is exhibiting worrisome symptoms:- Status Quo During there was pay inequality for women compared to men.
The reasons for pay inequality for women were due to a number of reasons, such as, segregated job listings and insufficient access to professional jobs.
Politics and the English Language Most people who bother with the matter at all would admit that the English language is in a bad way, but it is generally assumed that we cannot by conscious action do anything about timberdesignmag.com civilization is decadent and our language -- so the argument runs -- must inevitably share in the general collapse.
The thunder-and-lightning example seems like a bad comparison for this kind of situation, in that the false claim is (1) easily observable to be untrue, and (2) utterly useless to the society that propagates it. Status quo is a Latin phrase meaning the existing state of affairs, particularly with regard to social or political issues.
In the sociological sense, it generally applies to maintain or change existing social structure and values. With regard to policy debate, the status quo refers to how conditions are at the time and how the affirmative team can solve these conditions for example "The.
Such treatment was seen by the progressives as uncritical and as merely supportive of the status quo; it offered a future that was little more than a perpetuation of the present. The best essays will be honest as they explore the difficulty of working against the status quo or a firmly held belief.
The answer to the final question about the "outcome" of .