John of the Cross. This will be an occasional series, planned to be posted over the next year. Sometimes I will post on other subjects that inspire me.
However, when in he married John's mother, Catalina, who was an orphan of a lower class, Gonzalo was rejected by his family and forced to work with his wife as a weaver. While studying there, he was chosen to serve as acolyte at a nearby monastery of Augustinian nuns.
In  he entered the Carmelite Order, adopting the name John of St. Translation of the Bible into the vernacular was not allowed then in Spain, because of the possibility of mistranslation from Latin to Spanish which could create confusion.
A journey from Salamanca to Medina del Campoprobably in Septemberchanged this. She was in Medina to found the second of her convents for women. Under this Rule, much of the day and night was to be spent in the recitation of the choir officesstudy and devotional reading, the celebration of Mass and times of solitude.
For the friars, time was to be spent evangelizing the population around the monastery. There were to be long periods of silence, especially between Compline and Prime. Coarser, shorter habits, more simple than those worn sincewere to be worn.
It was from this last observance that the followers of Teresa among the Carmelites were becoming known as "discalced", i. Teresa asked John to delay his entry into the Carthusians and to follow her.
Having spent a final year studying in Salamanca, in August John traveled with Teresa from Medina to Valladolidwhere Teresa intended to found another monastery of nuns.
Saint John of the Cross was a reformer of the Carmelite Order and is considered, along with Saint Teresa of Ávila, as a founder of the Discalced Carmelites. He is . John of the Cross (San Juan de la Cruz) (24 June – 14 December ), born Juan de Yepes Álvarez, was a major figure of the Counter-Reformation, a Spanish mystic, Catholic saint, Carmelite friar and priest, born at Fontiveros, Old Castile. Included in The Collected Works are St. John's poetry, The Ascent of Mount Carmel, The Dark Night, The Spiritual Canticle, and The Living Flame of Love, as well as his letters and other counsels. $ / $ Save 40% now through Nov. 30, , with promo code FRIARS
On 28 Novemberthe monastery  was established, and on that same day John changed his name to "John of the Cross". Soon after, in Junethe friars found the house at Duruelo too small, and so moved to the nearby town of Mancera de Abajo. John became the spiritual director and confessor for Teresa and the other nuns there, as well as for a wide range of laypeople in the city.
The height of Carmelite tensions[ edit ] The years —77, however, saw a great increase in the tensions among the Spanish Carmelite friars over the reforms of Teresa and John. Since the reforms had been overseen by Canonical Visitors from the Dominican Orderwith one appointed to Castile and a second to Andalusia.
These Visitors had substantial powers: They could assist religious superiors in their office, and could depute other superiors from either the Dominicans or Carmelites. Vargas asked them to make foundations in various cities, in explicit contradiction of orders from the Carmelite Prior General against their expansion in Andalusia.
As a result, a General Chapter of the Carmelite Order was convened at Piacenza in Italy in Mayout of concern that events in Spain were getting out of hand, which concluded by ordering the total suppression of the Discalced houses.
King Philip II of Spain was supportive of some of Teresa's reforms, and so was not immediately willing to grant the necessary permission to enforce this ordinance. However, through the nuncio's intervention, John was soon released. Despite John's argument that he had not disobeyed the ordinances, he received a punishment of imprisonment.
He was jailed in the monastery, where he was kept under a brutal regimen that included public lashing before the community at least weekly, and severe isolation in a tiny stifling cell measuring ten feet by six feet, barely large enough for his body.
Except when rarely permitted an oil lamp, he had to stand on a bench to read his breviary by the light through the hole into the adjoining room. He had no change of clothing and a penitential diet of water, bread and scraps of salt fish.
The paper was passed to him by the friar who guarded his cell. He had managed to pry the cell door off its hinges earlier that day. After being nursed back to health, first with Teresa's nuns in Toledo, and then during six weeks at the Hospital of Santa Cruz,  John continued with reform.
There, in part as a result of the opposition faced from other Carmelites in recent years, they decided to demand from the Pope their formal separation from the rest of the Carmelite Order. While at El Calvario he composed his first version of his commentary on his poem, The Spiritual Canticle, perhaps at the request of the nuns in Beas.
In he moved to Baezaa town of around 50, people, to serve as rector of a new college, the Colegio de San Basilio, to support the studies of Discalced friars in Andalusia.
This opened on 13 June Dark Night of the Soul (Spanish: La noche oscura del alma) is a poem written by the 16th-century Spanish mystic and poet St. John of the timberdesignmag.com author himself did not give any title to his poem, on which he wrote two book-length commentaries: Ascent of Mount Carmel (Subida del Monte Carmelo) and The Dark Night (Noche Oscura.
This revised edition of The Collected Works of St. John of the Cross was produced to mark the fourth centenary of the death of St. John of the Cross (–). The result is an English translation of his writings that preserves the authentic meaning of the great mystic’s writings, presents them as clearly as possible, and at the same time.
John of the Cross (San Juan de la Cruz) (24 June – 14 December ), born Juan de Yepes Álvarez, was a major figure of the Counter-Reformation, a Spanish mystic, Catholic saint, Carmelite friar and priest, born at Fontiveros, Old Castile.
IV. WHAT WE FIND IN ST. JOHN'S WRITINGS. It may be said straight off that we find in St. John's writings the undiluted teaching of Sacred Scripture. In the prologue to the Ascent, he indicates his principal sources: the Bible as interpreted by the Catholic . The writings of St.
Teresa and St. John of the Cross, though of equal value and identical aim, are in many respects very different in their nature; together they cover almost the entire ground of orthodox mysticism, both speculative and experimental. This is the view which we find expounded in the writings of St.
John. Beginning with the point when the soul first seeks to rise above earthly things and ending with the heights of transforming union, St. John presents a truly remarkable outline of Christian prayer.