Preface[ edit ] In the preface to the Groundwork Kant motivates the need for pure moral philosophy and makes some preliminary remarks to situate his project and explain his method of investigation. Kant opens the preface with an affirmation of the ancient Greek idea of a threefold division of philosophy into logic, physics, and ethics.
Hunter Gibson Liza G Prof. One shopkeeper is honest with his customers in order to maintain a positive reputation and improve profits. The second one is honest because he thinks it is right and exercises his respect for the moral law.
The first shopkeeper is motivated to be honest by the rewards of a positive reputation and profit.
The second is motivated by respect for morally right action. Hire a custom writer who has experience. Kant believes that actions that are consistent with moral law, yet motivated for desires for happiness or pleasure are absent of moral worth. One reason he concludes this can be seen in Groundwork where he introduces the idea of the categorical imperative.
In other words, if ones principle, or maxim, behind what they are doing is something they would be willing to make a universal law, it is a good action. This is because it fails the concept of reversibility, for in an ideal society one would want others to treat him according to what the other person is doing.
In this case, society would not function in the sense of moral rightness because if everyone acted honest to each other for solely their benefit, no one could trust anyone else or assume they are acting out of respect for the moral law.
This notion of respect for persons has to do with treating people as having intrinsic value in and of themselves.
The first shopkeeper is only acting to reward himself through the means of his customers. The fact that he is not rewarding customers with honesty, but complying with the moral law in order to reward himself with a good reputation and profit makes it so that he is not acting rightly.
This shopkeeper acts in accordance with the first formulation of universalizability. Unlike the first, the second shopkeeper is honest because he knows it is morally right. And this passes the universalizability test since an ideal society would inhabit people who act based on the sense of right and wrong, according to Kant.
He complies with the second formulation by his honesty with customers out of respect for the moral law. He is not only using the treatment of his customers as a means for honesty, but also as an end respect for the moral law. In other words, being honest with his customers is not only enabling him to act morally right, but allowing him to be evaluated as respecting the moral law Singer Now, a consequentialist thinker would not judge the shopkeepers moral intentions, but would judge the acts they do by the consequences they produce.
Consequentialism is a normative ethical theory where actions are right or wrong based on the consequences that result from action. This theory often adopts ideas seen within utilitarianism, where an action is good or right considering how many people it benefits. For example, a consequentalist may say murder of one person to save one hundred people is right simply because of its consequence.
But a non-consequentialist, or deontologist, such as Kant would conclude that killing someone is always morally wrong regardless of the consequence. Evaluation of their actions through the mind of a consequentialist will explain this conclusion.Ethics essay – Kantian ethics a.) Explain Kant’s concept of duty Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher who was concerned with producing an ethical theory that was logical and absolute, and did not change depending on the situation, countering the views of John Locke and other empiricists of the time.
Kantian Ethical Shopkeepers Kant argues that it is not a persons action that determines their morality, but rather their motivation to preform the action.
Which brings us to the shopkeepers. Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals (German: Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten; ; also known as the Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, Grounding of the Metaphysics of Morals and the Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals) is the first of Immanuel Kant's mature works on moral philosophy and remains one of the most .
The Two Shopkeepers- Kantian Ethics and Consequentialism Essay Liza G Prof. Williams Ethics 21 November The Two Shopkeepers One of the several topics covered in Kant’s Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals is the issued of .
Most of Kant's work on ethics is presented in two works. The Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals () is Kant's "search for and establishment of the supreme principle of morality." In The Critique of Practical Reason () Kant attempts to unify his account of practical reason with his work in the Critique of Pure Reason.
Review of Kant and the Moral Argument Objectives: 1. To review Kant’s ethical theory to ensure that students understand the theory and its implications. Kant suggests two tests: i. Contradiction in the Law of Nature ii. Contradiction in the will 6.
Contradiction in the Law of Nature Kantian Ethics Objective: 1.
To review Kant’s.