Your problem statement and hypothesis are extremely easy to write if you have determined your independent and dependent variables. Lets begin with the problem statement. The question should always start with either which or how. The one you choose will depend on your independent and dependent variable.
Some changes may be made at the grantee's discretion as long as they are within the limits established by NIH. In other cases, NIH prior written approval may be required before a grantee makes certain budget modifications or undertakes particular activities.
The grantee-initiated changes that may be made under the grantee's authority and the changes that require NIH approval are outlined below and, with respect to particular types of awards, activities, or recipients, in Subpart IIB. In addition, individual awards may restrict grantees' authorities to make budget and project changes without NIH prior approval.
If NIH approval is required, it must be requested of, and obtained in writing from, the awarding IC GMO in advance of the change or obligation of funds as specified later in this chapter under Requests for Prior Approval.
Changes in project or budget resulting from NIH-initiated actions are discussed in other sections of this chapter. InNIH extended expanded authorities to all NIH awards except for the provision to automatically carry over unobligated balances.
Certain award instruments, grant programs, and types of recipients are routinely excluded from the authority to automatically carry over unobligated balances.
One or more of these authorities may be overridden by a special term or condition of the award. Grantees must review the NoA to determine if a particular authority is withheld for a specific grant. Grantees must exercise proper stewardship over Federal funds and ensure that costs charged to awards are allowable, allocable, reasonable, necessary, and consistently applied regardless of the source of funds.
NIH may disallow the costs if it determines, through audit or otherwise, that the costs do not meet the tests of allowability, allocability, reasonableness, necessity, and consistency.
Several authorities have specific deadlines for submission of reports or for timely notification to the NIH awarding IC. Grantees should be aware that any consistent pattern of failure to adhere to those deadlines for reporting or notification will be grounds for excluding that grantee from a specific authority.
Cost-related prior approval changes, including research patient care costs and equipment The cost would result in a change of scope. Extension of final budget period of a project period without additional NIH funds no-cost extension The grantee has already exercised its one-time authority to extend the award for up to 12 months.
Transfer of performance of substantive programmatic work to a third party by consortium agreement The transfer would be to a foreign component or it would result in a change in scope. Unliquidated obligations are commitments of the recipient and are considered to be obligations and, therefore, should not be reported as unobligated balances.
The NoA will include a term and condition to indicate the disposition of unobligated balances. The term and condition will state whether the grantee has automatic carryover authority, or if prior approval is required by the NIH awarding IC.
Note the authority to automatically carry over unobligated balances includes the authority to carryover from one competitive segment to another. Other awards may be excluded from this authority through a special term or condition in the NoA.The ACT test is a curriculum-based education and career planning tool for high school students that assesses the mastery of college readiness standards.
Writing Effective Purpose Statements. A purpose statement is a declarative sentence which summarizes the specific topic and goals of a document. Content created by Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) Content last reviewed on February 16, This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License.
You may reproduce it for non-commercial use if you use the entire handout (just click print) and attribute the source: The Writing Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
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A thesis or dissertation is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings. In some contexts, the word "thesis" or a cognate is used for part of a bachelor's or master's course, while "dissertation" is normally applied to a doctorate, while in other contexts, the reverse is true.